测试,语言知识及运用

一、语言知识及运用

16. Hurry up, kids! The school bus is coming. We have ______ time left.

A. few B. a few C. little D. a little

17. Sarah, you’d better drink more water after ______ for such a long time.

A. run B. runs C. to run D. running

18. Emma looked after her pet dog ______ of all her friends.

A. careful B. most careful C. more carefully D. the most carefully

19. The weather forecast says that ______ another storm tomorrow.

A. there will have B. there will be C. there has D. there has been

20. The stories ______ were written by Mark Twain are often humorous.

A. that B. those C. who D. what

21. Miss Brown, we ______ cleaning our classroom. Can we go home now?

A. finish B. finishing C. are finished D. have finished

22. The boy looked ______ because he didn’t pass his maths exam.

A. sad B. sadness C. saddest D. sadly

23. Many houses ______ by the earthquake and thousands of people were left homeless.

A. damaged B. were damaged C. were damaging D. are damaged

24. --- ______will the invitations be sent to our guests? --- In three days.

A. How often B. How soon C. How long D. How far

25. Could you tell me ______ a moment ago?

A. what were they talking about B. what are they talking about

C. what they were talking about D. what they are talking about

Languages change with time and the world. So does English. New __1__ are borrowed from other languages. About nine hundred years ago there were __2__ changes in England. A great __3__ words were borrowed into English from __4__. About five hundred years ago there was __5__

change. This time it was a change in pronunciation(发音), but the spelling was not __6__ changed. English words are spelled quite the __7__ as they were in those days. The spelling shows how

words were spoken at that time. It does not __8__ us much about the pronunciation of words today. For __9__, the letters “gh” in the word “night

” show us nothing about how it is spoken now. That’s __10__ students learning English find English spelling so confusing(容易弄混淆的).

三、完形填空

Kierman was born in Sydney, Australia, and grew up near the sea. For more than 40 years, he raced in international sailing competitions.

amount of rubbish in the world’about it.

called “Clean Up Sydney Harbour.” On Sunday, January 8, .

Since then, “Clean Up Australia” has got people cleaned up almost 15,000 tons of rubbish from Australia’s beaches, parks and streets.

international program that supports communities around the world in cleaning up and protecting the environment. “Clean Up the World” has grown and his wonderful idea has now spread from one city to the whole world.

36. A. save B. collect C. notice D. produce

37. A. refused B. decided C. pretended D. stopped

38. A. law B. party C. company D. event

39. A. clear B. send C. turn D. give

40. A. problem B. success C. surprise D. failure

41. A. culture B. project C. government D. environment

42. A. older B. smaller C. bigger D. faster

43. A. happy B. angry C. disappointed D. concerned

44. A. need B. help C. hope D. action

45. A. loudly B. gently C. rapidly D. busily

四、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所级的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

(A)

This is a tale of two friends --- one is blind, the other has no arms. On their own, the two are “disabled”. But together, they are a powerful team that has changed part of their village in North China’s Hebei Province into a rich, green forest. Meet 53-year-old Jia Haixia and Jia Wenqi!

Their story began in 2000, when Haixia, who was already blind in his right eye, lost his left one after an illness. Wenqi lost his arms in an accident when he was just three. Neithercould find a job, so the two decided to team up. They rented some poor land and began to plant trees. In return, the local officials paid them a small fee. Haixia and Wenqi never imagined that they would end up creating an environmental paradise. Their forest now has over 10,000 trees, hundreds of birds and many other wild animals. In addition, it saves the village from river flooding during the rainy season. When the friends work together, they focus on their strengths not their disabilities. Their day begins at 7 a.m. when the sightless Haixia carries Wenqi across the river to get to their worksite. Since they cannot afford to buy young trees to plant, the two use branches from existing trees. Haixia climbs to the tree-top and with Wenqi’s direction, selects the perfect branch. He then digs a hole and carefully plants it. Finally Wenqi waters the area.

Though hard-working, the men don’t make much money. But as Wenqi puts it, “.”

Neither Haixia nor Wenqi cares about money. Together, they already have everything they need --- a perfect pair of eyes, two strong hands, and the best friendship in the world!

46. Why did Haixia and Wenqi start working together?

A. Haixia needed someone to help him. B. They both needed a way to make money.

C. They wanted to improve the environment. D. They were required to do so by local offcials.

47. Haixia and Wenqi’s forest has helped the village by______ .

A. stopping floods in the rainy season B. increasing the number of tourists

C. making the villagers richer D. providing more farmland

48. Why do Haixia and Wenqi plant tree branches?

A. They are easy to get. B. They do not cost money.

C. They can grow very quickly. D. They are preferred by animals.

49. In paragraph 5, when Wenqi says “We stand on our own feet, so the fruits of our work taste sweeter”, he means that “______”.

A. they hope to make the forest even better B. the fruits from their trees are very sweet

C. they are proud not to depend on others D. they are able to do any difficult work

50. What can we learn from this story?

A. Never give up and you will succeed. B. We should help the disabled to work.

C. Try your best when facing difficulties. D. We can achieve more with teamwork.

(B)

Most of us probably live without vegetables, but a world without chocolate? Now that would be hard! According to chocolate makers it could happen if we don’t act soon.

There are two main causes of the chocolate shortage --- chocolate’s growing popularity and less production of cocoa, the plant from which chocolate is made. With more and more people in India and China loving chocolate, not much can be done about the first cause.

Therefore, the only thing we can do is to increase cocoa production. However, new plant diseases and little rain in Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world’s largest producers, have reduced cocoa production by 40 percent in the past 10 years. What’s worse, many cocoa farmers in Africa and other cocoa-producing countries like Indonesia and Venezuela are changing to easier-to-grow crops such as corn or rubber. This way, the farmers can make more money.

To prevent more farmers from changing, researchers at the newly opened International Cocoa Control Centre, in the UK, are trying to create new cocoa plants that are stronger and faster

growing. But first they must make sure the new plants are safe to grow. This takes a long time.

First, each new plant is stored at the Control Centre for six months to make sure it is healthy. It is then planted in the Centre’s fields, studied and tested for another two years. Only after

scientists are certain that they’re disease-free, will the plants be sent to farmers in West Africa or wherever else they are needed.

To create new stronger types of cocoa, scientists at the Centre are combining the best parts from different cocoa plants. Though the world is facing a serious chocolate shortage, there is now hope!

51. The first paragraph tells us that______.

A. chocolate is healthier than vegetables B. the world could soon be without chocolate

C. people love vegetables more than chocolate D. it’s not necessary to eat so much chocolate

52. In which countries has chocolate become more popular in recent years?

A. Venezuela and Indonesia. B. Ivory Coast and Ghana.

C. Indonesia and China. D. China and India.

53. Cocoa farmers are choosing to grow rubber and corn because these crops______.

A. can make them more money B. need less rain to grow

C. can be planted more times each year D. are not damaged by plant diseases

54. How long does it take scientists at the Centre to make sure a cocoa plant is safe to grow?

A. 6 months. B. 12 months. C. 24 months. D. 30 months.

55. What is one of the purposes of the Cocoa Control Centre?

A. To introduce cocoa production to more countries.

B. To provide more chocolate for British people.

C. To produce stronger types of cocoa plants.

D. To make sure that cocoa is healthy to eat.

(C)

On March 3, 1887, the lives of two amazing women were changed forever when Anne

Sullivan, a poor university graduate, arrived at the home of the wealthy Keller family to teach theirsix-year-old daughter Helen. It was a difficult job as Helen was unable to see, hear or speak because of illness.

Anne had been suggested to the Kellers by her university professor, a close friend of Mr. Keller. Before she arrived, Anne expected her new pupil to be a quiet, weak child. But Helen was nothing like that. When Anne first walked through the Kellers’ door, the energetic Helen nearly knocked her over in her hurry to feel Anne’s face, clothing and bag.

Helen was used to visitors bringing her sweets, and angrily tried to force open Anne’s case to take her candy. But Anne calmed her down by allowing Helen to play with her watch. So began one of the most successful student-teacher relationships in history.

Anne Sullivan was only twenty years old when she began teaching Helen. She had to not only teach the child all the usual school subjects, but also control Helen’s sometimes wild

behaviour. Her well-meaning parents allowed Helen to do as she liked at home. Realizing that such an environment was unsuitable for learning, Anne requested that she and Helen live in a small house nearby.

As soon as Helen began learning, it became clear that she was especially intelligent. She

quickly learned to read and write, and by the age of ten she could also speak.

In 1900, Helen started studying at Radcliffe University, and graduated first in her class in 1904. She was the very first blind and deaf person to get a university degree. How did she do it? Anne Sullivan read all of Helen’s books and then signed the information into her hand. Anne

remained at Helen’s side until her death in 1936. Helen became a world-famous writer, and fought for disabled people’s rights until her death on Jun 1, 1968.

56. How did Anne come to work at the Kellers’ home?

A. She replied to a job advertisement.

B. She was introduced by her family friend.

C. she was recommended by her university professor.

D. She met Mr. Keller while studying at university.

57. What surprised Anne most about Helen when they first met?

A. How intelligent Helen was.

B. Helen gave Anne a gift.

C. The way Helen’s parents treated her.

D. How forceful Helen was.

58. According to the passage, Helen’s parents______.

A. allowed her to do as she wished B. gave her too many gifts and sweets.

C. did not spend much time with her D. cared little about her education.

59. Which of the following is NOT true about Helen’s university studies?

A. She was greatly helped by Anne. B. She was the best student in her class.

C. She was able to graduate in three years. D. She was the first deaf and blind university graduate.

60. According to the passage, both Anne and Helen______.

A. died in their 60s B. were well educated C. came from rich families D. fought for human rights


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